Les Offres

  • Directeur de l'Observatoire du Foncier
    Télécharger
  • Lettre d'invitation à l'intention des ONG, Institutions ou autres travaillant dans le domaine du foncier - CCRF
    Télécharger
  • Responsable de l'opérationnalisation de l'appui au foncier - CCRF
    Télécharger

Vidéos

Enjeux fonciers dans l'Itasy : réconcilier l'obsolète et le présent Ny mikasika ny fananan-tany ao amin'ny Faritra Atsinanana Herinandro fampahafantarana ny fananan-tany, Faritra Itasy Forum national pour la consolidation de la politique foncière malagasy La Femme et le Foncier Sécuriser à bas prix les droits fonciers des citoyens malgaches Tanin'ireo voanjo teo aloha : iza no tena tompony? Ny adin-tany Etat des lieux de la réforme foncière

Contact Info

+261 20 22 278 38
+261 33 15 348 86
administration[at]observatoire-foncier.mg 9 rue Pierre Stibbe, bâtiment du service topographique, Porte 213 Anosy - Antananarivo 101 - Madagascar.

Publications scientifiques

Mar

31

2016

Stakes and challenges in shaping and monitoring land reform policy: highlights from the Madagascar land observatory experience

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. 14 – 18 March 2016. Washington DC.  

 

These last years, and presumably for the next ones, the creation of land observatories has raised in interest and has been set among perspectives on African countries agenda. Capitalizing the lessons learned from land observatories’ experiences, whether they are still-on-duty or terminated projects, appears as essential in order to address key issues related to their operation and sustainability. The Madagascar Land Observatory, created in 2007, may be considered as a forerunner and has come up to a phase of capitalization and sharing its reflections.

Nov

11

2014

Rural youth and access to agricultural land: The case of Madagascar

Land Observatory communication at the conference on Land and Policy in Africa The next decade of land policy in Africa: ensuring agricultural development and inclusive growth. November 2014. Addis Abeba.

 

Every year, about 250,000 rural youth enter the labor market in Madagascar. They could engage in agriculture that holds a huge potential, but they face many challenges, and above all, they need a secure land access. This paper analyses the profile of rural youth in Madagascar, their perception of agricultural work, their land access and the constraints which limit their entering in agriculture.

Oct

03

2014

De la crise politique aux échecs des projets d'investissements agricoles à grande échelle

Paru dans Afrique Contemporaine, n°251, Trimestre 3/2014, Pages 152 - 154, Dossier "Madagascar: Anatomie d'un état de crise. L'Etat et les matières premières à Madagascar"

 

L’« affaire Daewoo », immense projet d’investissements agricoles de l’entreprise sud-coréenne Daewoo Logistics à Madagascar, marque le début de la crise politique de décembre 2008. Comment la crise a-t-elle joué sur les dynamiques d’investissements et d’appropriation à grande échelle des terres de la Grande Île ?Retour sur l’effet détonateur de l’« affaire Daewoo ». De façon croissante depuis fin 2008,...

Oct

03

2014

Une réforme foncière qui survit à la crise politique

Paru dans Afrique Contemporaine n° 251, Pages 149 - 151, Trimestre 3/2014, Dossier "Madagascar : anatomie d'un état de crise. L'Etat et les matières premières à Madagascar"

 

En 2005, une réforme foncière majeure est engagée, basée principalement sur la modernisation des services fonciers, la création de nouvelles compétences foncières au niveau des communes et la reconnaissance légale des droits locaux. Elle est le fruit de l’engagement politique du gouvernement Ravalomanana et du support financier de divers bailleurs. En 2009, le régime change, les maires se retrouvent...

Mar

24

2014

Existing and potential tools to regulate land access for investors in Madagascar

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. March 2014. Washington DC.

 

In Madagascar, since 2005, more than fifty investors decided to invest in agriculture. The communication analyzes existing and potential tools that regulate land–related investments in Madagascar. In the light of international and local experiences, the different sections discuss the relevance and limits of measures.

Mar

10

2014

Land certification in Madagascar:formalizing (f)or securing?

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. March 2014. Washington DC.

 

Two major innovations have inter alia emerged from the land reform in Madagascar: (i)

decentralised land management through the creation of local land offices, and (ii) certification, which enables individuals to register private property provided the community agrees on the legitimacy of the claimed rights.

Mar

03

2014

Agribusiness investment: small farmer’s strategies and women’s role to cope with changes

Land Observatory communication at Agricultural Investment, Gender and Land in Africa, Cape Town. March 2014

 

What strategies households adopt to cope in an environment transformed by the development of a large-scale plantation or a contract farming scheme? and, especially, what role do women play to cope with the changes? This communication explores households’ strategies facing the development of these two business models, for a same crop, by a single enterprise in two distinct areas.

Déc

16

2013

Décentralisation et Certification Foncière à Madagascar : avancées et limites

Communication lors des Journées d’étude du Comité technique Foncier et développement, « Formalisation des droits et des obligations » Nogent-sur-Marne, France, 16-17 décembre 2013.

 

La réforme foncière permet, au travers de la certification, l’enregistrement de la propriété privée  pour des individus mais, à la différence du titre, cet enregistrement porte sur des droits d’ores et déjà acquis et socialement reconnus. De nouvelles compétences sont alors conférées aux communes : le guichet foncier. Cet article analyse les avancées ainsi que les limites de ce nouveau processus qu’est la certification foncière.

Mar

20

2013

"Malagasy Local Land Offices: What are the Determinants of their Integration in the Local Governance? "

 

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. April 2013. Washington DC.
Based on case studies, this paper analyses how key determinants affects the upholding and the sustainability of the Local Land Office or its close – out. An assessment conducted by the PNF in 2012 displayed that 11  % did cease – out their operation, 65 % are in process of struggling to operate and run autonomously whereas 33 % did succeed in sustaining. The document unveils that amongst the important parameters, local budget and income, population ownership, municipal staff dynamism, and proximity of monitoring and tutoring structure, are decisive . 

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. April 2013. Washington DC.

 

Based on case studies, this paper analyses how key determinants affects the upholding and the sustainability of the Local Land Office or its close – out. An assessment conducted by the PNF in 2012 displayed that 11  % did cease – out their operation, 65 % are in process of struggling to operate and run autonomously whereas 33 % did succeed in sustaining. The document unveils that amongst the important parameters, local budget and income, population ownership, municipal staff dynamism, and proximity of monitoring and tutoring structure, are decisive . 

Mar

15

2013

Competition over Authority and Access: International Land Deals in Madagascar

In Development and Change special issue. Governing Global Land Deals: The Role of the State in the Rush for Land. Volume 44, Issue 2. March 2013. Pages 357–379.

 

Despite the well-publicized abandonment of Daewoo Logistics’ gigantic agricultural project, large-scale land appropriations continue in Madagascar. Drawing on three case studies, this article analyses how relations between entities governing land access shape, and are shaped by, agribusiness-related land deals.