Les Offres

  • Directeur de l'Observatoire du Foncier
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  • Lettre d'invitation à l'intention des ONG, Institutions ou autres travaillant dans le domaine du foncier - CCRF
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  • Responsable de l'opérationnalisation de l'appui au foncier - CCRF
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Vidéos

Enjeux fonciers dans l'Itasy : réconcilier l'obsolète et le présent Ny mikasika ny fananan-tany ao amin'ny Faritra Atsinanana Herinandro fampahafantarana ny fananan-tany, Faritra Itasy Forum national pour la consolidation de la politique foncière malagasy La Femme et le Foncier Sécuriser à bas prix les droits fonciers des citoyens malgaches Tanin'ireo voanjo teo aloha : iza no tena tompony? Ny adin-tany Etat des lieux de la réforme foncière

Contact Info

+261 20 22 278 38
+261 33 15 348 86
administration[at]observatoire-foncier.mg 9 rue Pierre Stibbe, bâtiment du service topographique, Porte 213 Anosy - Antananarivo 101 - Madagascar.

Publications scientifiques

Mar

31

2016

Stakes and challenges in shaping and monitoring land reform policy: highlights from the Madagascar land observatory experience

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. 14 – 18 March 2016. Washington DC.  

 

These last years, and presumably for the next ones, the creation of land observatories has raised in interest and has been set among perspectives on African countries agenda. Capitalizing the lessons learned from land observatories’ experiences, whether they are still-on-duty or terminated projects, appears as essential in order to address key issues related to their operation and sustainability. The Madagascar Land Observatory, created in 2007, may be considered as a forerunner and has come up to a phase of capitalization and sharing its reflections.

Nov

11

2014

Rural youth and access to agricultural land: The case of Madagascar

Land Observatory communication at the conference on Land and Policy in Africa The next decade of land policy in Africa: ensuring agricultural development and inclusive growth. November 2014. Addis Abeba.

 

Every year, about 250,000 rural youth enter the labor market in Madagascar. They could engage in agriculture that holds a huge potential, but they face many challenges, and above all, they need a secure land access. This paper analyses the profile of rural youth in Madagascar, their perception of agricultural work, their land access and the constraints which limit their entering in agriculture.

Mar

24

2014

Existing and potential tools to regulate land access for investors in Madagascar

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. March 2014. Washington DC.

 

In Madagascar, since 2005, more than fifty investors decided to invest in agriculture. The communication analyzes existing and potential tools that regulate land–related investments in Madagascar. In the light of international and local experiences, the different sections discuss the relevance and limits of measures.

Mar

10

2014

Land certification in Madagascar:formalizing (f)or securing?

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. March 2014. Washington DC.

 

Two major innovations have inter alia emerged from the land reform in Madagascar: (i)

decentralised land management through the creation of local land offices, and (ii) certification, which enables individuals to register private property provided the community agrees on the legitimacy of the claimed rights.

Mar

03

2014

Agribusiness investment: small farmer’s strategies and women’s role to cope with changes

Land Observatory communication at Agricultural Investment, Gender and Land in Africa, Cape Town. March 2014

 

What strategies households adopt to cope in an environment transformed by the development of a large-scale plantation or a contract farming scheme? and, especially, what role do women play to cope with the changes? This communication explores households’ strategies facing the development of these two business models, for a same crop, by a single enterprise in two distinct areas.

Mar

20

2013

"Malagasy Local Land Offices: What are the Determinants of their Integration in the Local Governance? "

 

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. April 2013. Washington DC.
Based on case studies, this paper analyses how key determinants affects the upholding and the sustainability of the Local Land Office or its close – out. An assessment conducted by the PNF in 2012 displayed that 11  % did cease – out their operation, 65 % are in process of struggling to operate and run autonomously whereas 33 % did succeed in sustaining. The document unveils that amongst the important parameters, local budget and income, population ownership, municipal staff dynamism, and proximity of monitoring and tutoring structure, are decisive . 

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. April 2013. Washington DC.

 

Based on case studies, this paper analyses how key determinants affects the upholding and the sustainability of the Local Land Office or its close – out. An assessment conducted by the PNF in 2012 displayed that 11  % did cease – out their operation, 65 % are in process of struggling to operate and run autonomously whereas 33 % did succeed in sustaining. The document unveils that amongst the important parameters, local budget and income, population ownership, municipal staff dynamism, and proximity of monitoring and tutoring structure, are decisive . 

Mar

15

2013

Competition over Authority and Access: International Land Deals in Madagascar

In Development and Change special issue. Governing Global Land Deals: The Role of the State in the Rush for Land. Volume 44, Issue 2. March 2013. Pages 357–379.

 

Despite the well-publicized abandonment of Daewoo Logistics’ gigantic agricultural project, large-scale land appropriations continue in Madagascar. Drawing on three case studies, this article analyses how relations between entities governing land access shape, and are shaped by, agribusiness-related land deals. 

Nov

19

2012

Between the legal and the legitimate : status of land governance in Madagascar

This publication describes, analyzes and establishes the status of land governance in Madagascar using the key findings from the LGAF assessment. Main conclusions state that major constraints in enforcing good governance are related to the coexistence and the lack of articulation of two systems of rights recognition: the customary and the statutory.

Avr

27

2012

Land Reform And Certification in Madagascar : Does Perception of Tenure Security Matter and Change.

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. April 2012. Washington DC.

 

This paper explores the determinant of the sense of tenure insecurity and underlines the complementary role of certification to informal and existing modes of rights validation (petits papiers). It shows then that decentralization of land management offers a better and a more equitable access to legal information, land administration institutions, legalization of rights and devices of conflict resolution. But this ongoing process of legal empowerment still needs to be more inclusive.

Avr

27

2012

Do Investors Really Manage to Have Secure Land Rights? Land Deals and Competition Over Land Control in Madagascar.

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. April 2012. Washington DC.

 

Based on case studies, this paper analyses how land deals are partly shaped by the competition for control over land access. The Malagasy legal framework does have the potential to regulate large-scale land acquisitions and protect local land rights protection. But, all these positive-laws are not enforced due to investors’ strategies to access to land and competition among state and non-state institutions for controlover land resources.