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Enjeux fonciers dans l'Itasy : réconcilier l'obsolète et le présent Ny mikasika ny fananan-tany ao amin'ny Faritra Atsinanana Herinandro fampahafantarana ny fananan-tany, Faritra Itasy Forum national pour la consolidation de la politique foncière malagasy La Femme et le Foncier Sécuriser à bas prix les droits fonciers des citoyens malgaches Tanin'ireo voanjo teo aloha : iza no tena tompony? Ny adin-tany Etat des lieux de la réforme foncière

Contact Info

+261 20 22 278 38
+261 33 15 348 86
administration[at]observatoire-foncier.mg 9 rue Pierre Stibbe, bâtiment du service topographique, Porte 213 Anosy - Antananarivo 101 - Madagascar.

Publications scientifiques




Existing and potential tools to regulate land access for investors in Madagascar

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. March 2014. Washington DC.


In Madagascar, since 2005, more than fifty investors decided to invest in agriculture. The communication analyzes existing and potential tools that regulate land–related investments in Madagascar. In the light of international and local experiences, the different sections discuss the relevance and limits of measures.




Competition over Authority and Access: International Land Deals in Madagascar

In Development and Change special issue. Governing Global Land Deals: The Role of the State in the Rush for Land. Volume 44, Issue 2. March 2013. Pages 357–379.


Despite the well-publicized abandonment of Daewoo Logistics’ gigantic agricultural project, large-scale land appropriations continue in Madagascar. Drawing on three case studies, this article analyses how relations between entities governing land access shape, and are shaped by, agribusiness-related land deals. 




Foreign land acquisitions in Madagascar : Competing jurisdictions of access claims. 

In  Dietz Ton (ed.), Havnevik Kjell (ed.), Kaag Mayke (ed.), Oestigaard Terje (ed.). African engagements : Africa negotiating an emerging multipolar world. Leyde : Brill, p. 110-132. (Africa-Europe Group for Interdisciplinary Studies, 7).


In 2009, the government was simultaneously encouraging foreign land investment and implementing land reform to secure local land rights. This chapter analyses the realities encountered in the local settings where local and international stakeholders vie for the same plots of land. The authors also underline how local populations lack the necessary information to properly assess envisaged projects.




After Daewoo? Current status and perspectives of large-scale land acquisitions in Madagascar

This research commissioned by the ILC is a part of the Commercial Pressure on Land initiative.


It presents the evolution of large agricultural investments in Madagascar between 2005 and 2010. After the fall of Ravalomanana's government due to the accusations of "selling off the ancestors' land" following the revelation of a land lease project under obscure conditions, land questions especially large scale acquisition appeared as an important point to consider. This study was realized by the Malagasy Land Observatory and CIRAD.




Large scale agricultural investments in Madagascar: lessons for more inclusive models

Issued in Cotula, L., Leonard, R., Agricultural investment and collaborative business models, Highlights from an international lesson - sharing worksop - Maputo, 17th-18th March 2010. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) -Centro Terra Viva. P 81-93



This publication is part of a proceeding led by IIED. The chapter about Madagascar discusses two agribusiness projects, one led by Varun and the other by Fuelstock. Based on these experiences, it draws lessons for establishing agricultural investment projects that can serve the interests of both investors and local people.




Des terres pour l’agro-industrie internationale ? Un dilemme pour la politique foncière malgache

Paru dans le Revue Echogéo n°11 (Décembre 2009 - Février 2010)


Les manœuvres d’appropriation foncière à grande échelle tentées fin 2008 par de grandes entreprises agricoles ont participé à la déstabilisation du gouvernement Ravalomanana. Les montages de ces grands projets agro-industriels ont suivi des trajectoires différentes, mais ils ont été abandonnés face à des mouvements de contestation. Madagascar ne saurait néanmoins se priver d'investissements dans le secteur agricole mais des choix de développement restent à opérer en toute transparence.