Les Offres

  • Recrutement d'expert senior international
  • Termes de Référence Pour le recrutement de six (06) Experts Juniors dans le cadre d’un diagnostic foncier approfondi
  • Directeur de l'Observatoire du Foncier


Enjeux fonciers dans l'Itasy : réconcilier l'obsolète et le présent Ny mikasika ny fananan-tany ao amin'ny Faritra Atsinanana Herinandro fampahafantarana ny fananan-tany, Faritra Itasy Forum national pour la consolidation de la politique foncière malagasy La Femme et le Foncier Sécuriser à bas prix les droits fonciers des citoyens malgaches Tanin'ireo voanjo teo aloha : iza no tena tompony? Ny adin-tany Etat des lieux de la réforme foncière

Contact Info

+261 20 22 278 38
+261 33 15 348 86
administration[at]observatoire-foncier.mg 9 rue Pierre Stibbe, bâtiment du service topographique, Porte 213 Anosy - Antananarivo 101 - Madagascar.

Publications scientifiques




Stakes and challenges in shaping and monitoring land reform policy: highlights from the Madagascar land observatory experience

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. 14 – 18 March 2016. Washington DC.  


These last years, and presumably for the next ones, the creation of land observatories has raised in interest and has been set among perspectives on African countries agenda. Capitalizing the lessons learned from land observatories’ experiences, whether they are still-on-duty or terminated projects, appears as essential in order to address key issues related to their operation and sustainability. The Madagascar Land Observatory, created in 2007, may be considered as a forerunner and has come up to a phase of capitalization and sharing its reflections.




De la crise politique aux échecs des projets d'investissements agricoles à grande échelle

Paru dans Afrique Contemporaine, n°251, Trimestre 3/2014, Pages 152 - 154, Dossier "Madagascar: Anatomie d'un état de crise. L'Etat et les matières premières à Madagascar"


L’« affaire Daewoo », immense projet d’investissements agricoles de l’entreprise sud-coréenne Daewoo Logistics à Madagascar, marque le début de la crise politique de décembre 2008. Comment la crise a-t-elle joué sur les dynamiques d’investissements et d’appropriation à grande échelle des terres de la Grande Île ?Retour sur l’effet détonateur de l’« affaire Daewoo ». De façon croissante depuis fin 2008,...




Une réforme foncière qui survit à la crise politique

Paru dans Afrique Contemporaine n° 251, Pages 149 - 151, Trimestre 3/2014, Dossier "Madagascar : anatomie d'un état de crise. L'Etat et les matières premières à Madagascar"


En 2005, une réforme foncière majeure est engagée, basée principalement sur la modernisation des services fonciers, la création de nouvelles compétences foncières au niveau des communes et la reconnaissance légale des droits locaux. Elle est le fruit de l’engagement politique du gouvernement Ravalomanana et du support financier de divers bailleurs. En 2009, le régime change, les maires se retrouvent...




Existing and potential tools to regulate land access for investors in Madagascar

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. March 2014. Washington DC.


In Madagascar, since 2005, more than fifty investors decided to invest in agriculture. The communication analyzes existing and potential tools that regulate land–related investments in Madagascar. In the light of international and local experiences, the different sections discuss the relevance and limits of measures.




Processus d’acquisition foncière à grande échelle à Madagascar : quelles régulations sur le terrain ? 

Paru dans Cahiers Agricultures. Volume 22, Numéro 1. Janvier – février 2013.


A Madagascar, les appropriations foncières à grande échelle se poursuivent. Mais, à la différence d'atres pays du Sud, une réforme foncière est en cours, fondée à la fois sur la remise en cause de la propriété de l'Etat sur une large par du territoire et la reconnaissance légale des droits fonciers locaux. Basé sur la théorie de l'accès, cet article analyse les modes d'accès à la terre des investisseurs et leurs régulations.




Between the legal and the legitimate : status of land governance in Madagascar

This publication describes, analyzes and establishes the status of land governance in Madagascar using the key findings from the LGAF assessment. Main conclusions state that major constraints in enforcing good governance are related to the coexistence and the lack of articulation of two systems of rights recognition: the customary and the statutory.




Do Investors Really Manage to Have Secure Land Rights? Land Deals and Competition Over Land Control in Madagascar.

Land Observatory communication at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. April 2012. Washington DC.


Based on case studies, this paper analyses how land deals are partly shaped by the competition for control over land access. The Malagasy legal framework does have the potential to regulate large-scale land acquisitions and protect local land rights protection. But, all these positive-laws are not enforced due to investors’ strategies to access to land and competition among state and non-state institutions for controlover land resources.




Foreign land acquisitions in Madagascar : Competing jurisdictions of access claims. 

In  Dietz Ton (ed.), Havnevik Kjell (ed.), Kaag Mayke (ed.), Oestigaard Terje (ed.). African engagements : Africa negotiating an emerging multipolar world. Leyde : Brill, p. 110-132. (Africa-Europe Group for Interdisciplinary Studies, 7).


In 2009, the government was simultaneously encouraging foreign land investment and implementing land reform to secure local land rights. This chapter analyses the realities encountered in the local settings where local and international stakeholders vie for the same plots of land. The authors also underline how local populations lack the necessary information to properly assess envisaged projects.




After Daewoo? Current status and perspectives of large-scale land acquisitions in Madagascar

This research commissioned by the ILC is a part of the Commercial Pressure on Land initiative.


It presents the evolution of large agricultural investments in Madagascar between 2005 and 2010. After the fall of Ravalomanana's government due to the accusations of "selling off the ancestors' land" following the revelation of a land lease project under obscure conditions, land questions especially large scale acquisition appeared as an important point to consider. This study was realized by the Malagasy Land Observatory and CIRAD.




Large scale agricultural investments in Madagascar: lessons for more inclusive models

Issued in Cotula, L., Leonard, R., Agricultural investment and collaborative business models, Highlights from an international lesson - sharing worksop - Maputo, 17th-18th March 2010. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) -Centro Terra Viva. P 81-93



This publication is part of a proceeding led by IIED. The chapter about Madagascar discusses two agribusiness projects, one led by Varun and the other by Fuelstock. Based on these experiences, it draws lessons for establishing agricultural investment projects that can serve the interests of both investors and local people.